Know Your 10 Rights as an American Taxpayer

march 01, 2021 | taxes
Man sitting at table, using a calculator to pay his taxes

Nobody likes paying taxes. Chances are, you get a little nervous when you think about the upcoming tax season. Maybe you’re worried that your math will come out wrong. Perhaps you are confused about whether the tools for your freelance job count as business expenses, or whether your dining room table qualifies as an at-home office. All these worries boil down to the same base concern: You don’t want to get audited. But what exactly is an audit, how can you minimize the risk of one and what should you do if it happens to you?

What are your rights this tax season?

Despite common assumptions, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is not made up of bad guys in suits and sunglasses who want to take your money, your dignity and your freedom. The IRS wants to work with you to make tax season as pain-free as possible. On their website,, they’ve carefully listed out the ten rights you have as a taxpayer so you can stay informed.

  1. You have the right to be informed.
  2. You have the right to quality service.
  3. You have the right to pay no more than the correct amount of tax.
  4. You have the right to challenge the IRS’s position and be heard.
  5. You have the right to appeal an IRS decision in an independent forum.
  6. You have the right to finality.
  7. You have the right to privacy.
  8. You have the right to confidentiality.
  9. You have the right to retain representation.
  10. You have the right to a fair and just tax system

Understand how audits work.

An IRS audit is a review of your financial details and other accounts to make sure that information is reported accurately on your tax return. You might get randomly selected for an audit when your return is compared to the IRS average. Other times, your audit may be intentional because the IRS finds issues in your return.

If the IRS plans an audit, they will let you know by mail (not telephone). They will conduct the audit either via mail or via an in-person interview. The IRS will need your income, expenses, itemized deductions and other documents. So, it’s a good idea to keep all your records for at least three years, perhaps even five or six if you want to be extra cautious. But don’t worry – the IRS will tell you which documents they need to see, so you can prepare ahead of time.

Always stay in touch with the IRS during your audit process. If you mail your documents to the IRS using the U.S. Postal Service, you can ask them to ensure delivery confirmation. Or if you need more time to respond to the audit request, you can contact the IRS agency or call your assigned auditor to ask for an extension. The length of an audit depends on how available you are for meetings and whether you agree with their findings or not. The more open and honest you are, the better.

Be patient and smart.

An audit can result in one of three conclusions: No change; Agreed; or Disagreed.

No change means the auditor found nothing questionable in your tax return.
Agreed means the auditor found issues and made corrections, which you understood and agreed to change. You’ll simply sign the examination report to confirm.
Disagreed means you understand the changes the auditor wants to make, but you don’t agree with those changes. If you disagree, you can ask for a conference with an IRS manager or file an appeal if enough time is left on the statute of limitations.

You can minimize the risk of an audit with a few precautions.

The first and most important rule when doing your taxes? Be careful and honest. This is the best way to minimize the risk of an audit. Here are a few other ways you can help yourself:

  • Don’t be too proud to pull out the calculator. Math mistakes can result in an audit, even if they were unintentional.
  • When rounding your numbers, always round to the nearest dollar to be as precise as possible. If your numbers look like a tidy interval of $100, the IRS might notice and wonder if you were honest.
  • Are you a generous person? That’s great! The donations you make to charity can qualify you for deductions, as long as you keep the donation receipts and other documentation. But if you report false donations or don’t have documentation to prove a valid donation, you won’t get the deduction and may get audited instead.
  • Income from that freelance contract and side jobs matters just as much as the income from a 9-5 office job, so be sure to report ALL income on your tax return.
  • Self-employment in general can get confusing. Here are a few things to keep in mind:
    • Don’t file personal expenses under business expenses and hope to claim some deductions that way. The IRS will eventually notice that your business apparently costs a lot of money without falling into the red.
    • Wondering what does count as a business expense? Anything your business truly needs is eligible for a deduction. If you are a writer who needs a new laptop, that counts as a true business expense. But if you are an architect who writes poems for open-mic night at the coffee shop, a new laptop for writing doesn’t count as a business expense.
    • What about those home offices? Let’s say you use your craft room almost exclusively for the sake of your trade. That’s a home office. But if you take your work to the dining room table once a week, that dining room doesn’t become a home office. You must focus your work primarily in one room for it to count as a home office deduction.

If you get audited, LegalShield can help.

Having a lawyer on your side is always a great idea. LegalShield’s experienced provider attorneys are ready and willing to assist you. They can answer any legal questions you may have throughout tax season. If the worst happens and the IRS accuses you of tax evasion or fraud, you already have your LegalShield lawyer in your corner. Tax season doesn’t have to overwhelm you. Find out more today about how LegalShield can help you through April 15 and beyond.

LegalShield provides access to legal services offered by a network of provider law firms to LegalShield Members through member-based participation. Neither LegalShield nor its officers, employees or sales associates directly or indirectly provide legal services, representation or advice. See a plan contract at for specific state of residence for complete terms, coverage, amounts, and conditions. This is not intended to be legal or medical advice. Please contact a medical professional for medical advice or assistance and an attorney for legal advice or assistance.

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